1: OJP's Mission and Organization

Since 1984, the Office of Justice Programs has provided federal leadership in developing the nation's capacity to prevent and control crime, improve the criminal and juvenile justice systems, increase knowledge about crime and related issues, and assist crime victims. OJP is headed by an Assistant Attorney General who is responsible for overall management and oversight of OJP. The AAG sets policy, ensures that OJP policies and programs reflect the priorities of the President, the Attorney General, and the Congress, directs the work of five program offices, and coordinates the work of OJP and its bureaus.


Five bureaus, established by statute, administer funding, training, and technical assistance:

Three offices administer major programs authorized by the 1994 Crime Act:

The following offices are also located within OJP:

Six offices within OJP provide agency-wide support. They are the Office of Congressional and Public Affairs (OCPA), the Office of General Counsel (OGC), the Office of Administration (OA), the Office for Civil Rights (OCR), the Office of Budget and Management Services (OBMS), and the Office of the Comptroller (OC).


OJP's funding programs are divided into two main categories: formula grants and discretionary grants. Formula grants are awarded to state and local governments based on a predetermined formula that might be based upon a jurisdiction's crime rate, population, or other factors. For a complete description of OJP's formula grant programs, see page 7. States are generally required to pass a significant portion of formula awards through to local agencies and organizations in the form of subgrants.

Discretionary grants are awarded on a competitive basis to public and private agencies and private non-profit organizations. In addition, certain discretionary programs, such as funding to Boys & Girls Clubs of America and the National Crime Prevention Council, are awarded on a noncompetitive basis, consistent with congressional earmarks.

In FY 1999, OJP will implement the Grants Management System (GMS), a new paperless grant system. The new system will automate and streamline the entire grant process from application to notification. Grant offices will use a standardized grant award package and the Office of Congressional and Public Affairs will use a standardized grant notification form for notifying members of Congress and state officials. These letters and forms will be automatically generated and transmitted electronically to all appropriate individuals.


OJP provides up-to-date information on funding and training and technical assistance opportunities through three standing publications. In the spring of each year, OJP publishes its Annual Report to Congress, which documents OJP priorities and highlights programs funded by OJP in the preceding fiscal year. OJP also publishes an annual Program Plan, which includes descriptions of all funding and training and technical assistance programs available through the bureaus and program offices. OJP At-a-Glance is issued quarterly. It provides brief descriptions of all of OJP's bureaus' and offices' funding opportunities, listing the amount of funding available, who can apply, and the status of program regulations, guidelines, reports, and application kits.


The Office of Congressional and Public Affairs (OCPA) is a key point of contact for all of OJP. OCPA is responsible for ensuring effective communications with Congress, the news media, and the public. OCPA can be reached at 202/307-0703.

OJP also maintains a Website at www.ojp.usdoj.gov. In addition to general information about OJP and its bureaus, the Website includes downloadable versions of many OJP publications and application kits, as well as useful links to selected criminal justice Websites. Each bureau and office's Website includes an e-mail address where you can write with questions about the office. Another source of information about OJP and COPS funding opportunities is the Department of Justice Response Center. The Response Center can be reached at 1-800/421-6770. (In the Washington, DC metropolitan area, call 202/307-1480.)

For questions on financial management, current grantees can call the Office of the Comptroller Customer Service Hotline at 1-800/458-0786.

For ordering and other information about OJP publications, contact the National Criminal Justice Reference Service at 1-800/851-3420 or on the Internet at www.ncjrs.org. You may also call one of the OJP clearinghouses listed below:

BJA Clearinghouse BJS Clearinghouse

1-800/688-4252 1-800/732-3277

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse National Victims Resource Center

1-800/638-8736 1-800/627-6872

For inquiries about specific OJP programs, interested parties can contact the following OJP offices directly:

Bureau of Justice Assistance


Bureau of Justice Statistics


National Institute of Justice


Office of Juvenile Justice and

Delinquency Prevention


Office for Victims of Crime


Violence Against Women Office


Executive Office for Weed and Seed


Drug Courts Program Office


Corrections Program Office


Office of State and Local Domestic

Preparedness Support


Office of the Police Corps and Law

Enforcement Education


Office of Congressional and

Public Affairs


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