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3.20 The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Recovery Act Programs Administered by the Office of Justice Programs

The Office of Justice Programs (OJP) has five component bureaus to aid in the implementation of the Recovery Act of 2009:

  • The Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA)
  • The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
  • The National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
  • The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP)
  • The Office for Victims of Crime (OVC)

BJA, OJJDP, and OVC play a significant role in implementing the various programs from the Recovery Act. To learn more about OJP programs and related Recovery Act funding, please refer to Table 1.

Table 1: OJP Programs Receiving Recovery Act Funding
Program Name Total Funding Available Description
Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant Program $2 billion This formula program is based on population and violent crime statistics. Recovery Act funding through the program supports a broad range of activities to prevent and control crimes and improve the criminal and juvenile justice systems.
Victims of Crime Act (VOCA) State Crime Victim Compensation Program $47.5 million This formula program supports State efforts to compensate crime victims.
VOCA Assistance Formula Grant Program $47.5 million This formula program supports State services to crime victims.
Internet Crimes Against Children (ICAC) Task Force Formula Grant Program $50 million This formula program supports the national network of ICAC task forces. Recovery Act funding through this program is available for discretionary awards for research, training, and technical assistance programs.
Edward Byrne Competitive Grant Program $120.75 million Program categories include:
  • Data-driven and evidence-based approaches,
  • Neighborhood-based probation and parole,
  • Mortgage fraud,
  • Hiring civilian law enforcement,
  • Enhancing forensic and crime scene investigations,
  • Victim assistance, and
  • Problem-solving courts.
Mentoring Programs $97.5 million Recovery Act funding through these programs supports local youth mentoring initiatives and national youth mentoring programs.
Research and Evaluation $2.25 million Recovery Act funding supports research on and evaluation of Recovery Act State and local law enforcement assistance.
Correctional Facilities on Tribal Lands Program $225 million Recovery Act funding through this program supports construction or renovation of correctional facilities on tribal lands.
Assistance to Rural Law Enforcement To Combat Crime and Drugs $123.75 million The Recovery Act funding for these programs can be used to assist State and local law enforcement in rural States and rural areas in preventing and combating crime, especially drug-related crime. State and local law enforcement agencies include State and local prosecutors, parole, probation, and community corrections agencies.
Combating Criminal Narcotics Activity Stemming From the Southern Border of the United States $29.7 million These programs provide assistance and equipment to State and local law enforcement along the southern border and in other places identified as high-intensity drug trafficking areas. For these programs, the definition of State and local law enforcement agencies is the same as the definition used for Assistance to Rural Law Enforcement to Combat Crime and Drugs funding.
Crime Victims Competitive Grants $5 million Recovery Act funding can be used through these grants to support training, technical assistance, and demonstration projects that are national in scope.