DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE AWARDS $1.3 MILLION TO
MINNEAPOLIS, MN - Sarah V. Hart, Director of the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), the research, development and evaluation agency of the Justice Department announced today that the Justice Department has awarded $1.1 million in DNA grants throughout Minnesota to solve crime and exonerate the innocent as part of President Bush's DNA initiative, Advancing Justice Through DNA Technology. These are the first grants to be awarded under the President's initiative, a five-year, more than $1 billion effort to eliminate casework and the convicted offender backlog; improve crime lab capacity; provide DNA training; provide for post-conviction DNA testing; and conduct testing to identify missing persons. An additional $190,119 is being awarded in Minnesota to improve criminal justice forensic services. Sarah Hart was joined by United States Attorney for the District of Minnesota, Tom Heffelfinger.
"DNA is a remarkable crime-fighting tool. It allows police to solve otherwise unsolvable crimes, focus police resources on the guilty, protect the public from serious violent offenders, and exonerate the innocent before they are ever charged or convicted of a crime," said NIJ Director Hart. "Many families of murder victims and crime survivors will finally see justice done. The Justice Department is committed to helping Minnesota enhance its forensic programs to convict the guilty and exonerate the innocent."
Across the country, crimes are being solved with DNA evidence. In Ramsey County, Minnesota this summer, a 44-year-old man was sentenced to life in prison for sexual assault and burglary. DNA evidence from a ski mask he wore during one of the crimes and DNA evidence from his rape victim's clothing was pivotal in convicting him. The man was a serial rapist who had other rape convictions dating back to 1976.
More information about DNA technology is available at www.dna.gov. a comprehensive one-stop information source for funding information, training, publications, and other resources. A copy of the President's DNA initiative, as well as information and resources on how DNA has been used to solve crime and exonerate the innocent can be found on the site.
Today, the NIJ Director announced the following grants for Minnesota:
Total DNA Initiative Funds FY 2004 Funding Awarded: $1,126,011
Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Apprehension: $272,761 (DNA laboratory capacity enhancement)
Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Apprehension: $853,250 (DNA forensic casework backlog reduction)
Other FY 2004 Forensics Grants Awarded: $190,119
Minnesota Department of Public Safety: $115,607 (Coverdell formula grant)
City of Minneapolis: $74,512 (Coverdell discretionary grant)
Total FY 2004 DNA and Forensics Grants: $1,316,130
Throughout the country there is a large backlog of unanalyzed DNA samples, which can significantly delay criminal investigations. According to a study funded by the Justice Department, there are 542,700 DNA records waiting to be tested.
Last week, Attorney General John Ashcroft announced the total funding for the President's DNA initiative is nearly $95 million. The initiative aims to reduce the DNA analysis backlog and allow law enforcement agencies to use DNA evidence promptly as a routine law enforcement tool. The Justice Department has awarded the grants directly to the local jurisdictions, which usually have the greatest DNA backlog. The grants will be administered by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), the research, development and evaluation component of the Justice Department.
Nationwide, NIJ awarded $38 million for DNA casework; $28 million for DNA capacity building for crime lab improvement; $4.7 million for DNA training; $7.9 million for DNA research and development; $1.9 million for DNA testing for missing persons; and $14 million for convicted offender testing. In addition, NIJ will spend $9.5 million for Paul Coverdell Forensic Science Improvement Grants, over $2.3 million for general forensics research and development; and provide $42 million in additional crime lab improvement funds. This funding represents the largest amount of money provided by DOJ to support state and local forensic efforts.
DNA is deoxyribonucleic acid, the material of chromosomes, which identifies a person's unique genetic makeup. Databases of convicted offenders' DNA help provide law enforcement with leads in unsolved cases in which a suspect's blood, semen, saliva, or hair was left behind.
Newer DNA analysis techniques can yield results from biological evidence invisible to the naked eye, even when the evidence is contaminated. Police departments throughout the country are reexamining unsolved rape and homicide cases using advanced methods of detecting identifiable DNA. Newly processed DNA profiles are uploaded into the FBI database, CODIS, so the data can be compared with evidence in the national system. Matches are reported to law enforcement and then verified by obtaining and analyzing a second sample from the suspect.