SATURDAY, JULY 11, 1998202/307-0703


WASHINGTON, D.C. -- According to a just-released study, adult female arrestees in Philadelphia showed higher levels of recent cocaine use than adult male arrestees, with 58 percent of females and 34 percent of males testing positive for that drug. Positive rates for opiates (indicating use of heroin) among female arrestees is 18 percent and 16 percent among males. The report, Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) Program: 1997 Annual Report on Adult and Juvenile Arrestees, was released today by the Justice Department's National Institute of Justice (NIJ).

"ADAM assists both law enforcement officials and drug treatment providers as they work together to stop drug use and abuse and the crime it spawns," said NIJ Director Jeremy Travis. "Data collected under the ADAM program highlight the complex nature of the drug abuse problem and the need for communities to target law enforcement and treatment interventions appropriately."

In 1987, NIJ created the Drug Use Forecasting (DUF) Program, a national and local information system on drug abuse and crime. In 1997, the DUF Program was redesigned and renamed ADAM (Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring) to reflect the anticipated geographic expansion of the program to 75 standing urban sites and its development as a research platform for use locally, regionally and nationally. ADAM also facilitates locally initiated research on topics related to drugs and crime identified by communities.

The ADAM Program consists of collecting and analyzing interviews and urinalysis of adult and juvenile arrestees and detainees in police lock-ups. Once fully developed, ADAM will serve as a source of information about drug use in our nation's cities, suburbs, rural areas and Native American sites.

Copies of the 1997 ADAM Annual Report are available on the Internet at http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/nij, or from the National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) by calling toll-free, 1-800/851-3420. The Annual Report features a section on each city in the 1997 program.

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NIJ 98-170

After hours contact: James Phillips at 888/491-4487 (pager)

ADAM Contact in Philadelphia: Jack Greene at 215/204-6696