Training and Technical Assistance Available From OJP Bureaus and
Training to disseminate the results of proven programs and
state-of-the-art practices and technical assistance to help
address specific information and assessment of needs are
effective means of building the capacity of state and local
criminal justice agencies to prevent and control crime. Often,
local jurisdictions are able to replicate a successful
demonstration program solely as a result of committed local
leaders receiving technical assistance or training in a proven
The OJP agencies' training and technical assistance are designed
in accordance with their specific mandates. For example, BJA
provides a wide array of training and technical assistance
programs to provide criminal justice practitioners with
information on state-of-the-art, effective programs and practices
and to address new criminal justice issues. Criminal and
juvenile justice practitioners, government officials, social
service providers, representatives from community organizations,
victim advocates, youth, and others involved in crime prevention
and control can benefit from BJA's training and technical
The OJJDP Training and Technical Assistance Division seeks to
strengthen the essential components of the juvenile justice
system including juvenile courts and court personnel, law
enforcement, detention and corrections, the network of youth
service providers, and child advocacy organizations by providing
training, technical assistance, and state-of-the-art information
on trends, new approaches, and innovative techniques. To carry
out its mission, the Division:
- Analyzes the training needs of professionals and volunteers
working in the juvenile justice system, and develops and
implements curriculums to meet these needs.
- Conducts training programs and technical assistance for
federal, state, and local governments; private agencies;
professionals; volunteers; and others who serve the juvenile
justice system, including law enforcement, the judiciary,
corrections, education, and community organizations.
- Provides needs assessments for community planning concerning
gang and drug problems in order to develop effective intervention
The Training, Dissemination, and Technical Assistance Division
assists the OJJDP State Relations and Assistance Division and
Special Emphasis Division in implementing the OJJDP state formula
grant programs and national-scope program replications by
providing structured training and technical assistance.
The Executive Office for Weed and Seed (EOWS) provides training
and technical assistance to both funded and unfunded Weed and
Seed communities in an attempt to strengthen program
implementation and strategy development, as well as increase
information sharing among the sites nationwide. Examples of
assistance which attempt to meet the broad needs of the program
include a national Weed and Seed training conference held
annually and the monthly publication of In-Sites, the Weed and
Seed newsletter, which enjoys a readership of over 2,500
nationally. To meet the specific needs of the Weed and Seed
sites -- such as conducting community needs assessment, enhancing
community policing, and strengthening job training or other
economic development efforts -- organizations specializing in
these areas, and additional training and technical assistance
funds, are made available.
Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) training and technical
assistance activities are intended to expand and enhance the
coordination and delivery of services to crime victims; improve
the criminal justice and social services system response to
victims of crime; and support the development and distribution of
policies, procedures and protocols in the treatment and handling
of crime victims by Native American tribes, state and local governments, and private non-profit organizations. OVC also
provides funding to respond to critical incidences of mass
victimization, to disseminate information and products to the
field, and to support statewide training efforts. A special
emphasis area of OVC's training and technical assistance is
outreach to Native American populations and rural communities.
OJP agencies can customize their training and technical
assistance to meet the specific needs of a state or local
community. They also can address a broad array of topics,
examples of which are described in the following sections. For
additional information about available training and technical
assistance, please contact the DOJ Response Center at
800-421-6770 or the number listed after a specific training or
technical assistance program.
Innovative Law Enforcement
- The National Law Enforcement Policy Center develops and
disseminates model policies for state and local law enforcement
agencies and conducts training on policy development and
implementation. Limited training is available on a regional
basis from BJA. For further information, contact BJA at
- Training in Anti-Drug Activities and Cultural Differences
Involving Illegal Aliens seeks to enable law enforcement officers
to investigate drug smuggling and illegal sales more effectively
and to be more aware of the cultural differences of the various
ethnic groups in the communities they serve. Conducted through a
collaborative effort between the International Association of
Chiefs of Police (IACP) and the Immigration and Naturalization
Service, the training is available regionally on a limited basis
in 1995 through BJA.
- Clandestine Laboratory Training and Certification is designed
to reduce the risks to law enforcement officers and their teams
who investigate and dismantle clandestine drug-manufacturing
laboratories. Limited regional training is available in 1995
- The Technical Assistance and Training to State and Local
Criminal Justice Agencies Program responds to requests from state
and local governments for help in implementing effective
improvements to their criminal justice systems consistent with
state and federal priorities. This technical assistance and
training is available through BJA.
- The Law Enforcement Training/Technical Assistance for
State/Local Law Enforcement Agencies provides nationwide training
and technical assistance for the purpose of improving law
enforcement's ability to prevent and respond to serious juvenile
crime. The contract provides training on a regional basis and
planning and support requested to meet specific local technical
assistance requests. This program is supported by OJJDP funds.
- The Training in Cultural Differences for Law Enforcement and
Juvenile Justice Officers is intended to improve the
effectiveness of police and other juvenile justice agency
personnel who work with minority group suspects and offenders.
It further helps to improve the policies governing police and
juvenile court and corrections personnel handling of minority
youth in the purview of the juvenile justice system. This
program is available through OJJDP.
Crime and Drug Abuse Prevention
- Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE) Training Centers in
Arizona, California, Illinois, North Carolina, and Virginia train
law enforcement officers to teach the DARE curriculum.
Originally designed to instruct children in the sixth, seventh,
and eighth grades in the skills needed to recognize and resist
the overt and subtle pressures that lead them to experiment with
drugs and alcohol, DARE has expanded to all grades and offers
instruction in nonviolent dispute resolution and kidnaping
awareness. The training is provided through BJA.
- Through the National Citizens' Crime Prevention Campaign,
administered by the National Crime Prevention Council, workshops
for national, state co-sponsored, and local technical assistance
and training are held on a variety of topics. For example, drug
demand-reduction workshops are conducted for police chiefs and
sheriffs. Other workshop topics include planning and managing
prevention programs. The training is available through BJA.
- The Community Drug Abuse Prevention Initiatives Program
provides training and technical assistance in the reduction of
crime, violence, and the demand for drugs, to citizens, community
organizations, and governmental policymakers. The training and
technical assistance are available on a limited basis through
- The Landlord Training Program teaches law enforcement
professionals how to train property owners in techniques to
prevent drug activity from occurring in their rental properties.
Limited training is available on a regional basis through BJA.
- The National Night Out crime and drug prevention campaign,
administered by the National Association of Town Watch, provides
information, materials, and technical assistance to develop
neighborhood partnerships and community-based activities to
reduce crime, violence, and substance abuse. Assistance is
available through BJA.
- The Prevention of Delinquency Through Child-Centered,
Community-Based Policing Program is a model developed by the New
Haven Police Department and the Child Study Center at Yale
Medical School. This child-focused community-based policing
program is designed to help children and families cope with the
stress caused by exposure to violence. Components of the
training focus on enabling police officers to mitigate
traumatized children's sometimes deviant reactions to violence,
such as acceptance of violence as unavoidable or even as
appropriate problem-solving behavior. OJJDP supports the
partnership as a host site for jurisdictions interested in
replicating the essential elements of this program.
- The Community Anti-Drug Abuse Technical Assistance Voucher
Project allows neighborhood groups to purchase inexpensively
technical assistance for anti-drug abuse projects serving
high-risk youth. Vouchers ranging from $1,000 to $10,000 are
disbursed by the National Center for Neighborhood Enterprise
(NCNE) to community-based grassroots organizations that meet
program criteria. NCNE also serves as a clearinghouse for
information on community anti-drug initiatives. The program is
available through OJJDP.
- The goal of the Congress of National Black Churches Program is
to raise public awareness and mobilize communities to address the
problem of drug abuse in targeted communities across the nation.
The program works to summon, focus, and coordinate church,
public, and community leadership to launch local anti-drug
campaigns. Anti-drug efforts are underway at 35 sites, with
10-15 additional sites to be added in the near future. This is
an OJJDP-sponsored program.
Youth, Gangs, and Firearms
- Police Operations Leading to Improved Child and Youth Services
(POLICY) has two components: (1) introducing law enforcement executives to management
strategies to integrate juvenile services into the mainstream of
their operations; and (2) helping mid-level managers build on
these strategies by demonstrating step-by-step methods to improve
police productivity in the juvenile justice area. These services
are available through OJJDP.
- Gang and Drug POLICY is an intensive workshop for teams of
community policymakers. The workshop demonstrates a cooperative
interagency process to develop a concrete plan for improving the
gang and drug prevention, intervention, and suppression
strategies in their jurisdictions. The workshop is available
- The Targeted Outreach With a Gang Prevention and Intervention
Component and the National Office of Boys and Girls Clubs provide
training and technical assistance to local Boys and Girls Clubs
in how to prevent youth from entering gangs and how to intervene
with gang members in the early stages of gang involvement by
diverting them from gang activities into more constructive
programs. This program is available through OJJDP.
- The National School Safety Center provides training and
technical assistance and develops and disseminates resources to
help school administrators, law enforcement personnel, judges,
and legislators respond to school safety issues. It operates a
national clearinghouse for school crime-related information and
has developed a comprehensive public information campaign.
Services of this program are funded by OJJDP. For further
information, contact the Center at 805-373-9977.
- The Innovative Firearms Program works with local jurisdictions
to develop a program to reduce firearms crimes by juvenile gangs
through improved enforcement of firearms laws and other laws and
regulations, such as tax and business laws, that are used to
control firearms sales. This is a BJA-sponsored program.
- The National Gang Assessment and Resource Center serves as a
resource for state and local jurisdictions through the
collection, analyses, and exchange of information regarding
gang-related statistics, legislation, research, and promising
program strategies. OJJDP sponsors this program.
Prosecution and Adjudication
- The Model State Drug Control Statutes Program promotes the
nationwide implementation of the updated model state statutes and
provides comprehensive and intensive technical assistance. The
statutes strengthen the capability of states to investigate,
apprehend, prosecute, and punish drug offenders and organizations
that traffic in illegal drugs and narcotics. Written materials
are available on request from BJA.
- The Court Performance Standards Training and Technical
Assistance Program provides training and technical assistance to
demonstration sites, evaluation of the impact of Trial Court
Performance Standards, and implementation of a national strategy
to encourage the adoption of these standards. Assistance is
available to demonstration sites through BJA.
- The Technical Assistance to State Courts Program assists
courts that request help in dealing with specific problems in
areas such as case processing, case backlog, family violence,
protective orders, and sentencing. Limited assistance is
available through BJA.
- The Drug Court Resource Center identifies, collects, and
analyzes information on guiding principles and operational
approaches for local drug court models. A technical assistance
clearinghouse responds to requests for information, helps to
identify site problems, provides referrals, and facilitates site
visits. For further information, contact the OJP Drug Courts
Program Office at 202-616-5001.
- The program for Assessment and Enhancement of Indigent Defense
Services is designed to help state and local indigent defense
organizations improve their handling of drug and criminal cases.
State training programs focus on defense issues, the development
and use of diversion programs, and the use of alternative
sentencing. Limited services are available in 1995 through BJA.
- The program Arson and Explosives Investigation and Training
for Prosecutors is being developed by a federal consortium made
up of BJA, the Federal Emergency Management Administration's U.S.
Fire Administration, and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and
Firearms. State and local prosecutors are able to attend a 5-day
basic arson and explosives course conducted at four to six
regional sites a year; and a 5-day advanced course will be
conducted twice a year. The training is available through BJA.
- Child Abuse Prosecution Training and Technical Assistance aims
to improve the quality of child-abuse prosecution by assisting
elected and appointed prosecutors at the federal, state, and
local levels. The center's services to prosecutors include the
provision of training, technical assistance, and publications in
the subject area. Workshops, conferences, and informational
materials made possible by this program benefit law enforcement,
social workers, therapists, and other personnel handling
child-abuse cases, in addition to prosecutors. The program is
available through OJJDP.
- The Investigation and Prosecution of Parental Abduction Cases
Projects works to improve the skills and effectiveness of local
prosecutors and investigators in handling cases involving
non-custodial parents who abduct their children. The project
identifies the legal and social issues in these cases, analyzes
and summarizes existing research in this area, and educates local
prosecutors and law enforcement agencies concerning significant
aspects of the prosecution and management of parental abduction
cases. Two documents have been prepared through this project:
Investigation and Prosecution of Parental Abduction Handbook and
a Training Curriculum for Prosecutors. The program is available
- The Juvenile Court Training Program provides support to the
National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges to provide
basic and specialized training to judges on developments in
juvenile and family case law and available options for sentencing
and treatment. Areas of special emphasis include drug testing,
gangs and violence, and intermediate sanctions. The program is
available through OJJDP.
- The National Juvenile Prosecution Center promotes greater
district attorney involvement in the juvenile justice system and
helps them develop appropriate policies for managing and
prosecuting juvenile cases. The project provides policy
development workshops for chief prosecutors and for juvenile unit
chiefs in district attorney offices. The program is available
- The National Network of Children's Advocacy Centers provides
assistance to local Children's Advocacy Centers involved in the
investigation and prosecution of child abuse. Fifteen sites
nationwide will receive funds to develop and implement training
programs, provide technical assistance, and advance information
sharing. The program is available through OJJDP.
- The Serious Habitual Offender Comprehensive Action Program
(SHOCAP) provides training and technical assistance to
jurisdictions that wish to adopt comprehensive, collaborative
approaches for identifying serious and chronic juvenile
offenders, establishing a case management process for them, and
developing effective interventions. Programs involve cooperation
and information-sharing among the community, schools, law
enforcement, the juvenile court, juvenile corrections, and social
service agencies. Services are available through OJJDP.
Violence Against Women and Children
- The STOP Violence Against Women Technical Assistance Project
assists the multidisciplinary state teams planning the allocation
of the S·T·O·P (Services·Training·Officers·Prosecutors)
formula grants authorized through the Violence Against Women Act
of 1994. Hosted visits to selected sites that have successfully
implemented a coordinated and integrated approach to violent
crimes against women are arranged for team members. The
technical assistance is supported by OJP's Violence Against Women
Grants Office and the Office for Victims of Crime. The Violence
Against Women Grants Office also supports technical assistance to
Indian tribal governments that receive grants through the S·T·O·P
Violence Against Women discretionary grants program. The
assistance available includes site visits by grantees to
promising programs currently addressing the needs of Indian women
who have been victims of violence and strategies to enhance the
implementation and effectiveness of the projects funded to stop
violence against Indian women. For further information, contact
the Violence Against Women Grants Office at 202-307-6026.
- The Violence Against Women Training and Technical Assistance
Project provides federal leadership to a consortium of
court-related, prosecutorial, and victim service organizations to
implement a systems approach to spouse abuse, child abuse, elder
abuse, sexual assault, and stalking. These services are
available through BJA.
- The Child Abuse and Exploitation Investigative Techniques
Program demonstrates state-of-the-art approaches for law
enforcement officers in building a case against individuals
charged with child abuse, sexual exploitation, or child
abduction. The program is available through OJJDP.
- The Juvenile/Family Court Training Program provides training
and technical assistance to juvenile and family court judges and
other juvenile court and justice system personnel. The training
emphasizes a family-based approach to dealing with the problems
of children in trouble and helps improve juvenile and family
dynamics in relation to problems such as substance abuse and its
effect on children. These services are available through OJJDP.
- Immediate Response to Emerging Problems provides training and
short-term technical assistance in victim assistance to
communities coping with incidents resulting in multiple crime
victims, such as serial rapes, terrorist bombings, or widespread
street violence. The services are available through OVC.
- The Trainers Bureau makes expert consulting services available
to agencies on request in order to provide customized training
and technical assistance on the range of victim issues. For
further information, please contact OVC at 202-514-6444.
- The District Specific Training Program provides funding for
U.S. Attorneys to improve the response to federal crime victims
through multidisciplinary training efforts. The program is
operated by OVC.
- Annual Conferences on Child Sexual Abuse are conducted for
teams nominated by U.S. Attorneys and victim assistance personnel
in the federal system. The conferences are sponsored by OVC.
- Train-the-Trainers sessions addressing high priority victim
issues are sponsored by OVC. Seminars covering general or
specific topics are offered to criminal justice personnel and
others who interact with victims. Sessions dealing with victim
assistance for federal law enforcement agencies are conducted in
collaboration with the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center.
For further information, please contact OVC at 202-514-6444.
- Regional Training Seminars for crime victim practitioners and
allied professionals working with crime victims focus on topics
of particular interest and concern to victim service providers at
the state and local levels. For further information, please
contact OVC at 202-514-6444.
- The Regional Coordination Initiative creates partnerships
between OVC and victim service providers at the local and
regional levels. Individual trainers and technical assistance
providers in the victims field are identified and with support
from OVC and their employer agency, create professional networks
and conduct innovative regional training events. For further
information, please contact OVC at 202-514-6444.
The Conference Support Training Initiative makes funding
available to support state, regional and national
multidisciplinary training conferences. OVC's goal is to enhance
the quality and breadth of training available at the state, local
and regional levels by providing supplemental funding to cover
travel expenses for trainers, the cost of training materials and
audio visual equipment, and assisting in identifying training
topics. For further information, please contact OVC at
- The National Victim Assistance Academy is designed to provide
a foundation level course of study for victim services
professionals who work with crime victims. The 45-hour course of
study is accredited through California State University, Fresno,
and is held at George Washington University in Washington, D.C.
The Training Academy is sponsored by OVC. For further
information, please contact OVC at 202-514-6444.
- The Project to Expand and Improve Juvenile Restitution
Programs works to upgrade the development of juvenile restitution
programs nationwide and advance the implementation of new
programs through this grant. OJJDP developed the program based
on the practitioner recommendations received during a workshop
conducted for that purpose. The grantee is developing a training
and technical assistance strategy, training materials, and
materials on program models and components. Specific restitution
program components to be addressed include community service,
victim reparation, victim-offender mediation, offender employment
and supervision, employment development, and any program elements
accentuating community protection, accountability, and offender
competency development. This is an OJJDP-sponsored program.
- The OJP Corrections Program Office provides technical
assistance to states and local governments engaging in:
1) comprehensive criminal justice planning; 2) sentencing reform;
3) the Crime Act grant application process; and 4) the
implementation of funded programs. This technical assistance
takes the form of responses to specific inquiries; focus groups;
local, regional and national workshops; on-site expert
consultation/advice, and specific problem solving, as required.
For further information, contact the OJP Corrections Program
Office at 202-307-3914.
- The National Consortium of TASC (Treatment Alternatives to
Street Crime) Program supports correctional options sites and
jurisdictions interested in developing linkages between drug
treatment and the criminal justice system. TASC support is
provided primarily to correctional options sites, with limited
availability to others. The TASC Consortium is supported by BJA
- The American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) provides
assistance in developing and operating intensive supervision
programs and methods and approaches for mobilizing community
involvement and support for correctional options programs.
APPA's efforts are supported by BJA funding.
- The Sentencing Project provides assistance in developing and
implementing various defense-based sentencing initiatives. The
information provided includes case studies of successful
programs. The assistance is available through BJA.
- The American Corrections Association (ACA) presents regional
training sessions on correctional options and provides technical
assistance and training to support the Federal Surplus Property
Program. These efforts are supported by BJA funding.
- The National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) is
conducting a study of structured sentencing practices and
experiences nationwide. It will provide follow-up technical
assistance on structured sentencing. This assistance is
available through BJA.
- The Telecommunications to Support Correctional Options Project
funds the development of informational and training videos, a
national satellite teleconference on correctional options, and
other telecommunications products, such as telephone training
conferences, computer bulletin boards, or regional
teleconferences through BJA.
- The Transitional and Aftercare Services Project provides
technical assistance resource materials and support to strengthen
transitional and aftercare services available to ex-offenders
returning to the community. The project also supports the design
of community-based intervention services for drug dependent
- The Prosecutor and Public Defender Training Program continues
to provide assistance to prosecutors and public defenders to
promote a greater understanding of the issues that influence the
development, implementation, and successful operation of
correctional options. This assistance is available through BJA.
- The "Girl Scouts Beyond Bars" Program provides limited
assistance to adult correctional institutions, major youth
service organizations (Girl Scouts or otherwise), and other
collaborating community organizations interested in developing a
comprehensive, inmate parent-child visitation program. This assistance is available through
- Training for Juvenile Corrections and Detention Staff offers a
core curriculum for juvenile corrections and detention
administrators and mid-level management personnel. Courses are
delivered on-site at the National Institute of Corrections
Academy in Longmont, Colorado, as well as regionally. This
program is available through OJJDP.
- The Training for Juvenile Detention Center Care-Givers Project
provides detention center line personnel with training specific
to their needs. New curriculum materials are being developed
along with a Desktop Guide to Detention. The project is
available through OJJDP.
Multijurisdictional Initiatives, Task Forces and Complex
- The Multi-Agency Response Training Project supports the
Organized Crime/ Narcotics program, Financial Investigation
(FINVEST) projects, and multi-agency task forces funded at the
state and local levels. Regional training is available through
- Since 1994, Multijurisdictional Weed and Seed Sites have been
allowed to apply for discretionary grant funding.
Multijurisdictional sites contain multiple target neighborhoods
or areas located in two or more jurisdictions.
- Asset Forfeiture Training for Prosecutors and Financial
Investigators facilitates the effective implementation of state
forfeiture statutes. Forfeiture ethics, policy, and management
are addressed. Although training courses are no longer
available, state and local agencies may obtain copies of a model
curriculum and video from BJA to be used to conduct training
Research, Evaluation, Information Systems, and Technology
- The BJA-State Reporting and Evaluation Program provides
technical assistance and training on the performance, monitoring,
assessment, and evaluation of state criminal justice programs.
The services are available through BJA.
- The Operational Systems Support Training and Technical
Assistance Program strives to improve general knowledge and
understanding of criminal justice information management, while
enhancing the effectiveness and efficiency of state and local
practitioners through technology. The (SEARCH Group) National
Criminal Justice Computer Laboratory and Training Center conducts
in-house, hands-on training, as well as regional outreach
training throughout the United States. The services are
available through BJA.
- OJJDP's Technical Assistance Support Program for state
agencies implementing the Part B Formula Grants Program makes
technical assistance available to states in developing their
research, training, and evaluation capacity.
- The NIJ National Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology
Center in Rockville, MD, provides criminal justice professionals
with information on available technology, on guidelines/standards
for these technologies, and technical assistance in implementing
these technologies. The Center compiles and computerizes
information on which manufacturers are producing law enforcement
related products and what those products are; what equipment law
enforcement agencies are using; and which agencies have special
equipment or expertise that can be utilized on an as needed
basis. This program is expanding dramatically under the
Technology Information Network (TIN) which will link this Center
to the Regional Centers in Rome, NY; Charleston, SC; Denver, CO;
El Segundo, CA; and the Border Research and Technology Center in
San Diego, CA.
The NIJ Office of Law Enforcement Commercialization (OLETC) at
the National Technology Transfer Center (NTTC) in Wheeling, WV,
is focused on moving technologies out of the federal and national
laboratories to industry for development and manufacture and
finally, moving them out as affordable, useful technologies for
law enforcement. The Office allows industries interested in
entering the law enforcement market to access technologies
developed in the Departments of Defense, Energy, and other
federal research and development agencies and facilitates the
transfer of promising technologies to industry for law
The NIJ Office of Law Enforcement Standards (OLES) at the
National Institute of Standards and Technology in Gaithersburg,
MD, develops performance standards for law enforcement related
equipment. Law enforcement at every level, but especially at the
state and local level, look to this program to provide the
standards and testing information they need to make wise
equipment investments. For further information about the
Centers, contact NIJ at 202-307-2942.
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